Metal cutting is a process that involves using tools to cut metal pieces into desired shapes. In order to do this, specialized machines and tools must put the material through a certain amount of stress and strain.
One of the most important components of metal cutting is fluids. Fluids work well for lubricating, cooling, and cleaning during the cutting process; they play an essential role in helping create smooth cuts on metal pieces. Let’s examine why fluids are so important for metal cutting applications.
Lubricating During Cutting
One of the most common uses for fluids in metal cutting applications is lubrication. Lubricants help reduce friction between the tool and workpiece, which in turn helps prolong tool life and improves the accuracy and quality of the cuts.
Proper lubrication also helps keep chips from becoming stuck between the tool and workpiece, which can lead to unnecessary wear on both surfaces. Depending on the application, you can use different fluids; some common examples include oil-based emulsions, water-soluble coolants, synthetic oils, or vegetable-based or mineral oils.
Cooling During Cutting
Another important use for fluids in metal cutting applications is cooling, especially when dealing with complex shapes or long cuts. As we know from basic physics, heat is generated when two objects come into contact with each other due to friction.
You need to manage this heat properly so as not to cause damage or distortion to the workpiece or the process’s tooling. Fluids from a milling machine coolant system help dissipate this heat away from both surfaces by acting as a coolant; this helps maintain stability during lengthy operations while also preventing oxidation, or rust, on both surfaces.
Cleaning After Cutting
The last use for fluids in metal cutting applications is cleaning after completed machining. By using special solvents or detergents mixed with water as part of a coolant-lubricant solution, you can remove any leftover chips or debris from both surfaces without causing any damage to either one. This solution helps speed up production time by eliminating additional steps.
All fluid types have unique properties that make them suitable for specific tasks related to metal cutting processes. Understanding which fluid works best for each application will help ensure optimal results every time. By utilizing proper lubrication, cooling techniques, and cleaning solutions during your machining operations, you can minimize the wear on your tools and workpieces while maximizing accuracy and production speeds.
Whether you’re just starting with machining metals or have years of experience, understanding why fluids are so important to metal cutting applications will help you get better results every time.
EdjeTech can help you choose the right fluid type for your unique application needs. Contact us today to discuss your options.